Khoa tiếng anh trường đại học ngoại ngữ

Đề thi Dẫn nhập Ngữ âm – Âm vị học tiếng Anh – Đề thi chủng loại PHONETICS & PHONOLOGY – Dành cho sinh viên tiếng Anh Đại học tập ngoại ngữ TP. Đà Nẵng.

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Test PET Tiếng Anh B1 Online: Tại đây

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Phonetics Phonology Sample Test 2– ONLINE TEST WITH KEY

Đề thi mẫu Dẫn nhập Ngữ âm – Âm vị học tập giờ đồng hồ Anh CÓ ĐÁP ÁN

Phonetics Phonology Sample Test 2


1. Which of the following groups contains a segment that differs in voicing from the other segments ?
5. Which of the following symbols that corresponds khổng lồ each of the following phonetic description:voiced labiodental fricative
A. The phonetic representation of utterances shows what the speakers know about the pronunciation of utterances.
B. The phonemic representation of utterances shows what speakers know about the abstract underlying phonology.
C. The phonemic representation of utterances shows the finer points of the sounds or segments in pronunciation
8. Which of the following assimilatory processes that may happen lớn the voiced alveolar stop < g > in this context: My grandfather has a dog < maɪ grændˌfɑːðə "hæz ə "dɒg >
9. Which of the following symbols that corresponds khổng lồ each of the following phonetic description:long mid back vowel
A. Phonology aims khổng lồ provide the phối of features, or properties that can describe all sounds in human language.

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11. Which of the following is the phonetic transcription of this khung “tank”?A. < "tængk > B. < " tænk > C. < "tæŋk > D. < " th æŋk >
A. A minimal pair consists of two forms with distinct meanings that differ only by one segment in the same position of each size.
C. Minimal pairs consist of forms that are placed along the horizontal axis with respect khổng lồ their place of articulation and the vertical axis khổng lồ their manner of articulation
13. Which of the following groups contains a segment that differs in manner of articulation from the other segments?
14. Which of the following phonetic variations that may happen to lớn the lateral < l > in this context: < "æŋkl > ankle?
16. Which of the following assimilatory processes occurs khổng lồ the voiceless alveolar < t > in this context that year
17. Which of the following symbols that corresponds to lớn each of the following phonetic description:voiced velar nasal
18. Which of the following statements is correct? When two or more sounds never occur in the same phonemic context or environment they are said to be
19. Which of the following assimilatory processes that may happen to the alveolar < t > in this context: < "fæt "gɜːl > fat girl?
đôi mươi. Which of the following segments corresponds to lớn each of the following phoneti description?long high back rounded vowel
24. Which of the following phonetic transcriptions that corresponds khổng lồ each of the following phonetic description:voiced bilabial nasal ?
25. Which of the following phonetic variations that may happen to the voiced < v > in this context: Give sầu me your gun < "let mi: du: ɪt >?I think the right context is: Let me bởi vì it!
27. Which of the following is incorrect? When a feature is predictable by the phonological rules, it is
28. Which of the following groups contains a segment that differs in place of articulation from the other segments?
29. Which of the following symbols that corresponds to lớn each of the following phonetic description:voiceless dental fricative?
30. Which of the following assimilatory processes may occur to the sound sequence < "fætju:əl > factual ?
32. Which of the following phonetic transcriptions that corresponds to each of the following phonetic description: voiced palato-alveolar affricate?
33. Which of the following phonetic transcriptions that corresponds lớn each of the following phonetic description:high back rounded tense vowel ?
34. Which of the following statements is correct? When a feature value is unpredictable by a general principle or rule, it is
35. Which of the following is the stress distribution for the compound word “green house” < gri:n haʊs >?
36. Which of the following symbols that corresponds lớn each of the following phonetic description:long high front vowel?
37. Which of the following phonetic variations the voiceless alveolar < t > may have in this context (in terms of American pronunciation) < ˈlɪtəl > litle?
39. Which of the following symbols that corresponds to each of the following phonetic description:lax low front vowel?
40. Which of the following symbols that corresponds lớn each of the following phonetic description: voiced palato-alveolar fricative?

Time is Up!


A CHECK – UPhường TEST ON ENGLISH PHONETICS và PHONOLOGY 1 – NO KEY

Time allotted: 25’

Please read the questions and tiông chồng the correct answer in your answer sheet(Please vì not write anything in this paper)1. Which of the following phonetic transcriptions corresponds to each of the following phoneticdescription: high bachồng rounded lax vowel?a. < ʊ > b. < æ > c. < i > d. < ɒ >

2. Which of the following phonetic transcriptions corresponds khổng lồ each of the followingphonetic description: voiceless alveolar-palatal affricate?a. < th > b. < t∫ > c. < d > d. < j >

3. Which of the following symbols corresponds to lớn each of the following phonetic description: voiceless bilabial stop?a. < v > b. < g > c. < ð > d. < p >

4. Which of the following groups contains a segment that differs in place of articulation from the other segment?a. < t, r, d, s >b. < k, g , ŋ, j >c. < p, b, w >d. < t, d, n, z >

5. Which of the following groups contains a segment differs in voicing from the other segments?a. < d, g, b, m >b. < m, n, ŋ, v >c. < w, j , r, l >d.

6. Which of the following statements is correct?When a feature value is unpredictable by a general principle or rule, it isa. a distinctive feature for that class of segmentsb. a phonetic feature for sounds that contrastc. a phonemic feature for that class of segmentd. a non-distinctive or non-phonemic feature for that class of segments

7. Which of the following statements is correct?a. Alveolars are sounds made at the soft area toward the rear of the roof of the mouthb. Alveolars are sounds made just behind the alveolar ridgec. Alveolars are sounds made at the teeth ridged. Alveolars are sounds made with the tongue placed against the teeth

8. Which of the following statements is correct?a. When two or more sounds never occur in the same phonemic context or environment they are said khổng lồ be different phonemesb. When two or more sounds never occur in the same phonemic context or environment they are said to lớn be in free variationc. When two or more sounds never occur in the same phonemic context or environment they are said to lớn be identical segmentsd. When two or more sounds never occur in the same phonemic context or environment they are said to be allophones of the same phoneme

9. Which of the following statements is correct?a. The fricatives are consonants produced with a continuous airflow through the mouthb. The fricatives are consonants produced with the complete stoppage of the air in the mouthwhich causes explosionc. The fricatives are consonants produced with the lowering of the soft palated. The fricatives are non-continuant consonants.

10. Which of the following is the minimal pair?a. < ðeə > < bet > there – betb. < dæb> < bæd > dab – badc. < bæd > < bet > bad – betd. < ðeə > < deə > there – dare

11. Which of the following is the bít tất tay distribution for the compound word artificial as in this context: Please give sầu hyên artificial respiration?a. < ɑːtɪˈfɪʃəl >b. < ɑː’tɪfɪʃəl >c. < ɑːtɪˈfɪʃəl >d. < ‘ɑːtɪfɪʃəl >

12. Which of the following assimilation processes occurs when < b > in the sound sequence < <‘wıbsi:> becomes < p > in the sound sequence < ‘wıpsi:> ?a. voicing assimilationb. progressive assimilationc. regressive assimilationd. both a & c

13. Which of the following coarticulation processes that may happen to lớn the alveolar < n > in this context: < krænbəri > cranberry?a. < n > may be devoiced before the voiced < b >b. < b > may become syllabic after the nasal < n >c. < n > may be labialized before < b >d. < b > may be nasalised after < n >

14. Which of the following phonetic variations that may happen lớn the lateral < l > in this context: < ‘æŋgl > angle ?a. < l > becomes aspirated after voiced stop b. < l > becomes unaspirated after velar c. < l > becomes devoiced after voiced stop d. < l > becomes syllabic after voiced stop

15. Which of the following statements is incorrect?All the aspirated voiceless stops are produced witha. no vibration of the vocal cordsb. an extra puff of the air strongly expelledc. the airstream from the lungsd. the vibration of the vocal cords

16. Which of the following symbols that corresponds to each of the following phonetic description: short high front vowela. < I > b. < e > c. < ɔ: > d. < æ >

17. Which of the following symbols that corresponds to lớn each of the following phonetic description: voiced interdental fricativea. < m > b. < v > c. < t > d. < ð >

18. Which of the following statements is correct?The number of segments in the word prudent / prʊdənt / isa. 6 b. 7 c. 8 d. 9

19. Which of the following groups contains a segment that differs in manner of articulation from the other segments?a. < w, r, j >b. < θ, ð, s >c. < p, b, d >d. < t, d, n >

trăng tròn. Which of the following statements is correct? Palatal is the sound madea. With the tongue between the teethb. with the tongue on or near the hard palatec. just behind the alveolar ridged. with the upper lip and the lower teeth

21. Which of the following coarticulation processes that may happen khổng lồ the alveolar < s > in this context : < ðɪsjɪə> this year?a. < s > becomes voiced before palatal < j >b. < s > is deleted before palatal < j >c. < s > is velarised by the following < j >d. < s > coalesces with < j > to make < S >

22. Which of the following groups contains a segment that differs in place of articulation from the other segments?a. < p , m , w , b >b. < t , d, S n >c. < k, w, ŋ, g >d. < t, d, n, z, l >

23. Which of the following statements is correct?Regressive sầu assimilation is a process by whicha. the change of a segment is brought by the preceding segmentb. a sound copies one or more phonetic features from the preceding soundc. the sound becomes more lượt thích the preceding soundd. a sound copies one or more phonetic features from the following sound

24. Which of the following statements is incorrect?a. Minimal pairs help us establish which sounds contrast in a languageb. Minimal pairs consist of forms that are placed along the horizontal axis with respect lớn their place of articulation và the vertical axis khổng lồ their manner of articulationc. Minimal pair thử nghiệm is a basic test for deciding which sounds are the allophones of the phonemed. A minimal pair consists of two forms with distinct meanings that differ only by one segment in the same position of each form.

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25. Which of the following statements is incorrect?a. The phonetic representation of utterances shows what the speakers know about the pronunciation of utterances.b. The phonemic representation of utterances shows what speakers know about the abstract underlying phonology.c. The phonemic representation of utterances shows the finer points of the sounds or segments in pronunciationd. The phonetic representation of utterances shows us the non-distinctive features of the sounds

26. Which of the following groups contains a segment that differs in manner of articulation from the other segments?a. < p , b , t , d >b. < t , b, k , g >c. < k, t, d, g >d. < m, ŋ , n, z >

27. Which of the following is correct?When a feature is predictable by the phonological rules, it is aa. phonetic featureb. phonemic featurec. redundant featured. both a and c

28. Which of the following is the correct găng pattern of this word Portuguese?a. <‘pɔːtʃəɡiːz>b. <ˌpɔːtʃəˈɡiːz>c. <ˌpɔːtʃəˈɡiːz>d. <‘pɔːtʃəˈɡiːz>

29. Which of the following is the phonetic transcription of this size Bangor?a. < bæŋə >b. < bæŋ∂ >c. < bænə >d. < bæŋgə >

30. Which of the following symbols that corresponds khổng lồ each of the following phonetic description: voiced labiodental fricativea. < v > b. < w > c. < ð > d. < f >

31. The process by which an alveolar stop is heard intervocally (voiced) between 2 vowels, the first of which is generally stressed, as in <bet i > Betty is calledomain authority. metathesisb. epenthesisc. deletiond. flapping

32. Which of the following statements is incorrect?a. An allophone is a predictable phonetic variant of a phonemeb. An allophone is an unpredictable phonetic realisation of a phonemec. A phoneme is an abstract unitd. An allophone is uttered in speech

33. Which of the following statement is incorrect?Sonorantsa. vày not include affricates, fricatives và liquidsb. vị not include stops, affricates, và voiced fricativesc. vì chưng not include voiced stops, fricatives, & voiceless stopsd. bởi vì not include vowels, nasals, liquids and glides

34. Which of the following statements is correct?a. Phonology giao dịch with the physiological and acoustic aspects of the of speech sounds.b. Phonology aims to provide the set of features, or properties that can describe all sounds in human language.c. Phonology studies the ways phonemes function in languaged. Phonology provides the means for describing speech sounds.

35. Which of the following coarticulation processes may occur for the articulatory transition from the sonorant < ŋ > lớn the nonsonorant <  > to lớn be eased in this context < le ŋ θ > ?a. the deletion of < ŋ >b. the deletion of < θ >c. the metathesis of the sound sequence < ŋθ >d. the epenthesis of a nonsonorant < k > within the sequence < ŋθ >

36. Which of the following is the phonetic transcription of this size peace talk?a. b. c. d.

37. Which of the following phonetic variations that may happen to lớn the voiced stop < d > in this context : < li:d > lead ?a. < d > is aspirated after the front vowel < i:>b. < d > is devoiced after the long vowel < i:>c. < d > is devoiced word finallyd. < d > is unaspirated in the final position of a stressed syllable

38. Which of the following phonetic transcriptions that corresponds to each of the following phonetic description: voiced velar nasal?a. < m > b. < n > c. < ŋ > d. < r >

39. Which of the following symbols that corresponds lớn each of the following phonetic description: long low bachồng vowel?a. < ɔ:> b. < ɑ:> c. < i:> d.

40. Which of the following coarticulation processes that may happen to the alveolar < d > in this context : < red peint> red paint?a. < d > may be devoiced before the the voiceless stop < p >b. < d > may be aspirated before the voiceless stop < p >c. < d > may be labialised before the bilabial < p >d. < d > may be nasalised before the bilabial < p >